How Do Massive Stars Die?
Jeremiah Murphy (Florida State University)
February 13, 2020
Abstract: The title of this talk remains an important question in theoretical astrophysics. The explosive deaths of massive stars, core-collapse supernovae, are some of the most energetic events in the Universe; they herald the birth of neutron stars and black holes, are a major site for nucleosynthesis, influence galactic hydrodynamics, trigger further star formation, and are prodigious emitters of neutrinos and gravitational waves. Though these explosions play an important and multifaceted role in many cosmic phenomena, the details of the explosion mechanism have remained elusive for many decades. The fundamental challenge of core-collapse theory is to understand what makes the difference between a fizzled result (black hole formation) and successful explosions. Ultimately, answering this question will require both theory and observational constraints. In this talk, I will present a summary of core-collapse theory, recent progress in theory, and observations that constrain the theory.